The following manuals for R were created on Debian Linux and may differ from the manuals for Mac or Windows on platform-specific pages, but most parts will be identical for all platforms. The correct version of the manuals for each platform are part of the respective R installations. The manuals change with R, hence we provide versions for the most recent released R version (R-release), a very current version for the patched release version (R-patched) and finally a version for the forthcoming R version that is still in development (R-devel). Here they can be downloaded as PDF files or directly browsed as HTML:
|An Introduction to R is based on the former "Notes on R", gives an introduction to the language and how to use R for doing statistical analysis and graphics.||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF|
|R Data Import/Export describes the import and export facilities available either in R itself or via packages which are available from CRAN.||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF|
|R Installation and Administration||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF|
|Writing R Extensions covers how to create your own packages, write R help files, and the foreign language (C, C++, Fortran, ...) interfaces.||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF|
|A draft of The R language definition documents the language per se. That is, the objects that it works on, and the details of the expression evaluation process, which are useful to know when programming R functions.||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF|
|R Internals: a guide to the internal structures of R and coding standards for the core team working on R itself.||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF||HTML | PDF|
|The R Reference Index: contains all help files of the R standard and recommended packages in printable form. (9MB, approx. 3500 pages)|
Translations of manuals into other languages than English are available from the contributed documentation section (only a few translations are available).
The latex or texinfo sources of the latest version of these documents
are contained in every R source distribution (in the subdirectory
doc/manual of the extracted archive). Older versions of the
manual can be found in the respective archives of
the R sources. The HTML versions of the manuals are also part of most R
installations (accessible using function
Please check the manuals for R-devel before reporting any issues with the released versions.